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初中賓語從句講解(2)

時間:2012-12-29 17:27 來源:建通教育中考資訊網 編輯:井林英 點擊: 次

①The children didn't know who he was.孩子們不知道他是誰。
②He asked his father how it happened.他問他父親這件事是如何發生的。
3)如果賓語從句所表示的是客觀事實、普遍真理、自然現象或習慣性動作等,不管主句用什么時態,從句時態都用一般現在時。如:
The teacher said that the earth goes round the sun.老師說地球繞著太陽轉。
4.注意:
if和when既可以引導賓語從句,也可以引導狀語從句,應注意它們在兩種從句中的意思和用法的不同。if和when引導賓語從句時,分別意為“是否”和“何時”,其時態應和主句時態相呼應;它們引導狀語從句時,意思分別為“如果,假如”和“當……時候”,當主句時態是一般將來時時,其時態用一般現在時。它們常常放在含有狀語從句和賓語從句的題干中進行綜合考查。如:
—Do you know when he will come back tomorrow ?你知道他明天什么時候回來嗎?
—Sorry,I don't know.When he comes back,I'll tell you.對不起,不知道。當他回來了,我將告訴你。
—I don't know if he will come.我不知道他是否會來。
—He will come if it doesn't rain.如果不下雨,他會來的。
簡化賓語從句常用六法
同學們?;嵊齙槳押斜鲇锎泳淶母春暇渥虻ゾ?,使其與原句意思相同(或相近)的試題。下面就介紹幾種常用的簡化賓語從句的方法:

  方法一:當主句謂語動詞是hope, decide, wish, choose, agree, promise等,且賓語從句的主語與主句主語一致時,賓語從句可簡化為不定式結構。例如:
  Li Ming hopes he will be back very soon. →Li Ming hopes to be back very soon.
We decided that we would help him. →We decided to help him.

  方法二:當主句謂語動詞是know, learn, remember, forget, tell等動詞,且主句主語與從句主語一致時,賓語從句可簡化為“疑問詞+不定式”結構。例如:
  She has forgotten how she can open the window. →She has forgotten how to open the window.
  注:當主句謂語動詞是tell, ask, show, teach等動詞,且后帶雙賓語,從句主語和間接賓語一致時,賓語從句可簡化為“疑問詞+不定式”結構。例如:
Could you tell me how I can get to the station? →Could you tell me how to get to the station?

  方法三:當主句的謂語動詞是order(命令),require(需要)等時,如果主句和從句的主語不一致,賓語從句可簡化為“名詞(代詞)+不定式”結構。例如:
The headmaster ordered that we should start at once. → The headmaster ordered us to start at once.

  方法四:某些動詞后的賓語從句,可以用介詞加動名詞(短語)等其他形式簡化。例如:
  He insisted that he should go with us. →He insisted on going with us.
The poor boy doesn’t know when and where he was born. →The poor boy doesn’t know the time and the place of his birth.

  方法五:某些動詞后面的賓語從句可轉化為“賓語+V-ing形式(作賓語補足語)”結構。例如:
  Liu Ping found that there was a wallet lying on the ground. → Liu Ping found a wallet lying on the ground.
  方法六:動詞seem后的賓語從句,也可以用不定式(短語)來簡化,但句型需要進行適當的變化。例如:
It seemed that the boys were going to win. →The boys seemed to win.

除上述方法外,還有一些特殊句式的轉化。

例如:
  I found that it was difficult to learn English well. →I found it difficult to learn English well.
Soon we found that the ground was covered with thick snow. →Soon we found the ground covered with thick snow.
They found that the box was very heavy. →They found the box very heavy.

賓語從句練習1
(   ) 1 The girls asked if they ____ some food and drink with them.
      A. can take B. would take C. takes D. will take
(   ) 2 Catherine said that she ___ to Guangzhou.
      A. has never gone B. had never gone
      C. has never been D. had never been
(   ) 3 The students want to know whether they___ dictation today.
      A. had B. has . C. will have D. are
(   ) 4 She asked Linda if___ go and get some.
     A. could she B. she could C. she can D. she may
(   ) 5 Linda said the moon___ round the earth.
數據統計中??!
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