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初中英語重要短語、句型和慣用法

時間:2012-12-29 17:45 來源:建通教育中考資訊網 編輯:井林英 點擊: 次
 1.There be 結構
 a.這是英語中常見的一種結構,表示“某地有某物”其含義為“存在有”。
 eg.There are twenty girls in our class. have也解釋為“有”但是與there be有區別,它的含義是“所有,屬有”,其主語為某人。eg.I have a nice watch.
 b.There be 結構中的be動詞要和后面所跟名詞保持一致。
 c.There is a river near our school.
  否:There is not a river near our school.
  問:Is there a river near our school.
  回答:Yes, there is. No, there isn’t.
 d.there be 結構的一般將來時,同學們較難掌握,其正確形式為:there is going to be
 e.反意疑問句的構成:There is no water in the glass, is there?
  
①There is going to _____ a football match this afternoon.
  A. have B. watch C. be D play
 ?、赥hey were sure that they were going to ____ a rest.
  A. be B. have C. be on D. on
 2.so,neither引導的倒裝句,為了避免和前一句話的內容重復,英語中習慣用so, neither引導的倒裝句。
 a.So+be(助動詞,情態動詞)+主語。表示某人也是如此。
  eg.Mike has bought some foreign stamps.
  So has Bob.=Bob has bought some,too.
 b.Neither+be(助動詞,情態動詞)+主語,表示某人也不。
  eg.Mother has never been to Japan.
  Neither has Father.=Father has never been to Japan, either.
 c. So+主語+be(助動詞,情態動詞)。表示果真如此(贊同), 請同學們與a.區別。
  eg. A: Mike is right in the classroom.
  B: So he is.=He is really in the class room.
 3.It’s+時間+since動詞過去式。自從...起已有...時間了。
 ?、臝t’s two weeks since we met last.(自從我們上次見面已有兩個星期了)
 ?、艸ow long is it since we left Beijing?(自從我們離開北京已有多久了
 4.祈使句+and (那么)...
 eg.Go straight on and you’ll see a school. =If you go straight on, you’ll see a school.
 5.祈使句+or...否則...
  eg.Work hard, or you will fall behind the other students.
  =If you don’t work hard, you’ll fall behind the other.
 6. The+比較級...,the+比較級... 越...越...
  eg.⑴The more, the better. 越多越好。
 ?、芓he harder you work on it, the better you’ll be at it.(你越用功,你就越好。)
 7.How do you like the film? =What do you think of the film? (你認為這部電影怎樣?)
 8.What...do with...?怎樣對付...?怎樣處理...?
  雖然中文為怎樣,我們絕不可照字面翻譯為how.
eg.A:What have you done with the library book?  B:I’ve just returned it to the library.
 9.I don’t know what to do.我不知道該怎么辦? I don’t know how to do.    
10.What...be like?...是什么樣的? eg.⑴What’s the weather like? 天氣如何?
 ?、芖hat’s your school like? 你們學校是什么樣的?
11.What...for?為何目的?為什么? eg.What do you want a science lab for?=Why do you want a science lab?
12.one of +最高級+復數 最...之一 eg.Miss Zhao is one of the most popular teachers.
13.find it +形容詞+to do   eg.I find it useful to learn English well. (我發覺學好英語是很有用的)      find +賓語 +名詞 eg.I find him a good boy. (我發現他是個好男孩.)
find +賓語 +形容詞 eg.I find the door open/closed. (我發現門開/關著)   I find our bags filled with/full of presents. (我發現我們的包裝滿了禮物)
14.I don’t think+肯定句 我想...不 eg.I don’t think I’ll take it. (我想我不買它了)
15.prefer A to B=like A better than B 更喜歡A不怎么喜歡B.
 eg. I prefer fish to chicken.= I like fish better than chicken
16.had better do sth.最好干某事. 否定:had better not do sth.
 特別注意:had better后面跟be動詞詞組,不可漏掉be.   eg.You’d better catch a train.   You’d better not talk in class.   You’d better not be late for the class.
17.It is good (nice)of+賓格+to do sth.
  eg.It is very good of you to teach me English. (你教我英語真是太好了)
18.It takes sb. some time to do sth.(干某事化費某人多少時間) =sb.spend some time on sth. (in) doing sth.
eg.It took me half an hour to do the work. =I spent half anhourin doing the work.
19.sb.pay 錢 for 物 某物化費了某人多少錢 =sb.spend 錢 on 物 =物 cost sb.錢
eg.I paid thirty yuan for the coat. =I spent thirty yuan on the coat. =The coat cost me thirty yuan.
20.have been to 某人曾去過某地,現在人不在那兒
數據統計中??!
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