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中考英語專項輔導復習題之同義句轉換

時間:2012-12-29 18:19 來源:建通教育中考資訊網 編輯:井林英 點擊: 次
初中英語語法——句型轉換之同義句
同義句轉換是句型轉換題型中一種非常重要的形式。所謂同義句轉換,是指用不同的詞匯、短語及句型表示相同或相近的意思。
  一、用同義詞(組)或近義詞(組)改寫。
  1. The children are wearing beautiful clothes.
  The children are _________beautiful clothes.
  2. Every day, Yao Ming receives E-mails from thousands of basketball fans.
  Every day,Yao Ming _________thousands of basketball fans.
  3. Mr. Smith is working.
  Mr. Smith is__________ __________.
  答案:1. in 2. hears from 3. at work
  簡析:英語中有不少同義、近義詞(組),在平時學習中要注意總結歸納。如:enjoy oneself/have a good time, look after/take care of,difficult/hard, can/be able to,over/more than,receive(get)a letter from/hear from等等。
  二、用反義詞(組)改寫。
  4. Chinese is more popular than Japanese.
  Japanese is __________ popular __________ Chinese.
  5. The runner couldn't catch up with the others in the race.
  The runner _________  __________ the others in the race.
  6. A computer is more useful than a VCD.
  A VCD is not _________useful _________a computer.
  答案:4. less, than 5. fell behind 6. as,as
  簡析:此類轉換應注意有時主語位置會改變,并要特別總結歸納反義詞(組)。如:new-old, big-small, long-short, more than-less than等。
  三、用同義句型改寫。
  7. Ann spent two weeks getting ready for the exams.
  It ________Ann two weeks to __________ ready for the exams.
  8. She spent 30 dollars on the English-Chinese dictionary.
  The  English-Chinese dictionary __________ ___________ 30 dollars.
  答案:7. took, get 8. cost her
  簡析:此類轉換必須弄清每個句型的構成特點,而且還要注意句中每個句型的固定搭配。如:give sb. sth.與give sth. to sb.的轉換,spend some time(in)doing sth./on sth.與It takes sb.some time to do sth.的轉換等等。
  四、二句并一句轉換為簡單句。
  9. Jim doesn't like noodles,and Jack doesn't,either.
  _________Jim_________Jack likes noodles.
  10. Mrs. Smith is my teacher. She is also my good friend.
  Mrs. Smith is_________ _________my teacher_________ _________my good friend.
  答案:9. Neither,nor 10.not only,but also
  簡析:英語中常用not only... but also,either... or,neither... nor,both... and等連詞把兩個意義相關的簡單句合并成一個簡單句。解題過程中要注意連詞的選用和主謂一致原則。除此之外,還可用too... to,enough to等把兩個簡單句合并成另一簡單句。如:Tom is young. He can't go to school.→Tom is too young to go to school.
  五、用派生詞或多義詞改寫。
  11. The snow was heavy last night.
    It_________ _________last night.
  答案:snowed heavily
  簡析:句中名詞snow和形容詞heavy轉換成了動詞snowed和副詞heavily。
  六、并列句與復合句的互換。
  12. If you play basketball here,you may break the windows.
    _________play basketball here,_________you may break the windows.
  13. Go on planting trees for two more years and the hill will be covered with green trees.
  If we go on planting trees,the hill will_________ _________in two_________ _________.
  答案:12. Don't,or 13. turn green,years' time
  簡析:含有祈使句的并列句,可轉換為含if條件句的復合句。
  七、簡單句與復合句的互換。
  14. Do you know how you can get the kite down from the tree?
    Do you know_________ _________get the kite down from the tree?
  答案: how to
  簡析:復合句轉換為簡單句一般側重于將從句變化為短語或詞組,使其句意簡單明了。常見的轉換方法有:(1)用不定式替換、用介詞短語替換、用名詞短語替換、用分詞短語替換;(2)將賓語從句簡化為"疑問詞+不定式";(3)將so... that... (such... that... )引導的狀語從句簡化為含有too... to... (或enough to)的簡單句;(4)將if引導的狀語從句簡化為"祈使句,and(or)+句子"。
  八、綜合轉換。
  15. Something is wrong with that machine.
    That machine_________ _________.
  答案:doesn't work
  簡析:綜合轉換是在整體把握句意的基礎上,對原句重新進行概括表達,它在詞匯、結構等多方面都有較大的變化。
  至于一些特殊形式的變化,同學們在解題過程中要不斷歸納總結,徹底掌握它們。下面就請你做幾道練習題一試身手吧!
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