時間：2012-12-28 20:09 來源： 編輯：井琳英 點擊: 次
My friend Matt and I arrived at the Activity Centre on Friday evening. The accommodation wasn’t wonderful, but we had everything we needed (beds, blankets, food ), and we were pleased to be out of the city and in the fresh air.
On Saturday morning we met the other ten members of our group. Cameron had come along with two friends, Kevin and Simon, while sisters Carole and Lynn had come with Amanda. There were some other members I didn’t know. We had come from different places and none of us knew the area.
We knew we were going to spend the weekend outdoors, but none of us was sure exactly how. Half of us spent the morning caving while the others went rock-climbing and then we changed at lunchtime. Matt and I went to the caves (巖洞) first. Climbing out was harder than going in, but after a good deal of pushing, we were out at last. Though we were covered with mud, we were pleased and excited by what we’d done.
This passage mainly talks about ______________.
A. the writer’s friends at the Activity Center
B. the writer’s experience at the Activity Center
C. outdoor sports at the Activity Center
D. how to go rock-climbing and caving
[參考答案B] 上述這段短文的中心是說明“the writer’s experience at the Activity Center.”。作者以及作者的朋友，還有組上的其他一些成員一起在活動中心度周末的一些活動以及感受。
如：If someone asks me: “Do you like music?” I’m sure I will answer him or her: “Of course, I do.” because I think music is an important part of our lives.
Different people have different ideas about music. For me, I like rock music because it’s so exciting. And my favorite rock band, the “Foxy Ladies” (酷妹) is one of the most famous rock bands in the world. I also like pop music. My classmate LiLan loves dance music, because she enjoys dancing. My best friend, Jane, likes jazz music (爵士樂). She thinks jazz is really cool.
“I like dance music and rock very much.” says my brother, “because they are amazing.”
But my mother thinks rock is boring. “I like some relaxing (輕松的) music,” she says. That’s why she likes country music, I think.
①The writer likes music because he thinks ____________.
A. it’s an exciting part of our lives
B. it’s an amazing part of our lives
C. it’s an important part of our lives
②What kind of music does the writer like?
A. Rock and pop music. B. Rock and dance music. C. Jazz and country music.
③Who likes dancing?
A. The writer. B. Li Lan. C. Jane.
④The writer’s mother thinks that country music is __________.
A. amazing B. boring C. relaxing
⑤ How many people’s ideas about music are talked about in this passage (短文)?
A. 4. B. 5. C. 6.
這是幾道重要事實和細節的辨認題，全是圍繞短文的主題句“Different people have different ideas about music”來展開說明的，起補充舉例作用。答案分別為 ① C ② A ③ B ④ C ⑤ B。
Water is all around us. Water is in the ocean. Water is in the lakes and rivers. Water is in the air. There is more water than land on the earth. All living things must have it. We must have it, too. We cannot live without drinking water. Sometimes, we do not have all the water that we need. The land will dry up without water. Sometimes, there can be too much water in the land. If it rains very, very hard, the rain water will run down the hill. It takes some of the land with it when it runs down the hills. It is called erosion when the water takes the land away.
“Erosion” in the passage means ____________.
A. 地震 B. 雪崩 C. 侵蝕 D. 霜凍
根據前面的語句If it rains very, very hard, the rain water will run down the hills. It takes some of the land with it when it runs down the hills.解釋可以推知erosion是一種自然地理現象，即“侵蝕”，答案為C。
在閱讀中，我們或多或少會碰到一些生詞和不熟悉的短語，這些生詞和短語會妨礙我們對文章中心的理解，但我們總是查閱詞典也會影響閱讀的速度。為了不查詞典又能破解生詞詞義，并理解好文章的中心，要求考生根據構詞法判斷詞義。如：This material is unreadable.中 unreadable是生詞。學生可以根據詞根 read ，知道 un和 able分別為前綴和后綴，那么 unreadable的意義就不難猜測了；還可以培養學生根據生詞與上下文的關系來猜測其意義。生詞所在的句子、段落會提供很多的暗示和線索，依據這些暗示和線索就可以理解生詞的詞義了。如：同義詞反義詞線索；解釋性線索；例證性線索；標點符號線索等。如：
A. The herdsman, who looks after sheep, earns about 650 yuan a year.
定語從句中的 looks after sheep 就解釋了 herdsman的詞義為“牧人”。
B. Like her younger sister who is gregarious, Alice also likes to make friends.句首的 like（像）這個語境線索說明：句中的gregarious與 likes to make friends意義相近。
One day Mrs Wison went shopping with Tracy and Ben. They went to the supermarket in the new shopping center.
“Why do you buy things here?” Tracy wanted to know. “Because they are cheaper here than at the corner store near our home,” Mrs. Wilson said. “Help me check the prices, please.”
The Wilsons were not rich and Mrs. Wilson was always careful with her money. She looked carefully at the prices of things. She bought lots of things in the supermarket. When they got home, the children said, “We don’t think you saved money by going to the supermarket.” “Of course I did,” Mrs. Wilson said “Everything was cheaper there.”
“We know,” the children said, “but we came home by taxi because we had too much to carry. The taxi fare was more than the money that you saved !”
Mrs Wilson added everything up. Her children were right.
“Well done,” she said. “Next time we’ll do the shopping nearby.”
①The things at the corner store were ____ than those in the supermarket.
A. cheaper B. nicer C. more expensive D. Better
② Mrs. Wilson _________ in the end.
A. spent more money B. paid less money
C. lost some money D. saved a little money
這兩個問題都是細節性問題，但又不能直接從文章中得出答案，要經過分析和計算間接地獲得事實細節。①選C。由 Mrs. Wilson 的話“Because they are cheaper here than at the corner store near our home. ”分析可知the things at the corner store were more expensive.②選A。 Mrs. Wilson 在超級市場買的東西是便宜的，但返回時由于東西多結果打的士回家將打的士的費用攤進去就高于節省的費用了，因此可以知道：Mrs. Wilson spent more money in the end.
4. 認真核查。完成所填的答案以后，再將原短文和補全后的短文或句子放在一起,審讀一遍，上下對比參照，逐一檢查所填的詞是否符合原文主旨和細節，是否答非所問，是否仍存在語法、詞匯拼寫等錯誤，另外還有一點也要注意：如果對字數有要求, 是否符合要求。
在閱讀理解題目中，有相當一部分是考查細節和事實的題目。這類題目相對容易一些。這些題目有兩個共同特點：(1) 凡屬針對特定細節的考題，其正確答案大都可以在閱讀材料中找到對應的文字部分作為驗證。這一部分可能是一個詞或短語，也可能是一個句子或相關的若干句子，但句式、用詞和表達方式不同。(2) 干擾項往往是主體思想與細節混雜，正確答案細節和非正確答案的細節混雜，甚至真假混雜。因此，要做好閱讀理解中的確定細節和事實的題目，一要在文章中找出相應的信息點，二要排除干擾項。
According to the passage, which of the following can you most possibly watch on TV?
A. You often play football with your friends after school.
B. Your teacher has got a cold.
C. A tiger in the city zoo has run out and hasn’t been caught.
D. The bike in front of your house is lost.
Secondly, a news story has to be interesting and unusual. People don’t want to read stories about everyday life. As a result, many stories are about some kind of danger and seem to be “bad” news.
A bag is useful and the word “bag” is useful. It gives us some interesting phrases(短語). One is “ to let the cat out of the bag”. It is the same as “to tell a secret”….
Now when someone lets out (泄漏) a secret, he “lets the cat out of the bag.”
John “lets the cat out of the bag” means he ______.
A. makes everyone know a secret B. the woman bout a cat
C. buys a cat in the bag D. sells the cat in the bag
在這篇文章里，“let the cat out of the bag”雖然是一個新出現的短語，但緊接著后面就給出解釋It is the same as “to tell a secret”根據這一解釋，我們就可判斷出正確答案應為A。
As they go around town, the police help people. Sometimes they find lost children. They take the children home. If the police see a fight, they put an end to it right away. Sometimes people will ask the police how to get to a place in town. The police can always tell the people which way to go. They know all the streets and roads well.
In the text, “put an end to” means “______”.
A. stop B. cut C. kill D. fly
There is a place on our earth where hot water and steam come up under the ground. It is on a large island in the Pacific Ocean. The island is North Island in New Zealand.
What does the word “steam” mean in Chinese?
A. 自來水 B. 大氣 C. 冰川 D. 蒸汽
The following morning when I went to see how my captive (caged) bird was doing, I discovered it on the floor of the cage, dead. I was terribly surprised! What had happened! I had taken extremely care of my little bird. Arthur Wayne, the famous ornithologist, who happened to be visiting my father at the time, hearing me crying over the death of my bird, explained what had happened. “A mother mockingbird, finding her young in a cage, will sometimes bring it poison berries(毒莓). She thinks it better for her young to die than to live in captivity.”
An ornithologist is probably a person who ______.
A. studies birds B. loves creatures C. majors in habits D. takes care of trees
最有效的辦法是找出主題句。一篇文章(或一段文章) 通常都是圍繞一個中心意思展開的。而這個中心意思往往由一個句子來概括。這個能概括文章或段落中心意思的句子叫做主題句。因此，理解一個段落或一篇文章的中心意思首先要學會尋找主題句。主題句一般具有三個特點：(1) 概括性強：表述的意思比較概括。(2) 結構簡單：句子結構較簡單，多數都不采用長、難句的形式。(3) 受它支撐：段落中其他的句子是用來解釋、支撐或發展該句所表述的主題思想。在一篇短文或一個段落中，大部分主題句的位置情況有三種：
All living things on the earth need other living things to live. Nothing lives alone. Most animals must live in a group, and even a plant grows close together with others of the same kind. Sometimes one living thing kills another, one eats and the other is eaten. Each kind of life eats another kind of life in order to live, and together they form a food chain(食物鏈)。Some food chains become broken up if one of the links disappears.
If you buy some well-made clothes, you can save money because they can last longer. They look good even after they have been washed many times. Sometimes some clothes cost more money, but it does not mean that they are always better made, or they always fit better. In other words, some less expensive clothes look and fit better than more expensive clothes.
Killer bees started in Brazil 1957. A scientist in Sao Paulo wanted bees to make more honey(蜂蜜). So he put forty-six African bees with some Brazilian bees. The bees bred(繁殖) and made a new kind of bees. But the new bees were a mistake. They didn’t want to make more honey. They wanted to attack. Then, by accident, twenty-six African bees escaped and bred with the Brazilian bees outside.
Scientists could not control(控制) the problem. The bees increased fast. They went from Brazil to Venezuela. Then they went to Central America. Now they are in North America. They travel about 390 miles a year. Each group of bees grows four times a year. This means one million new groups every five years.
Why are people afraid of killer bees? People are afraid for two reasons. First, the bees sting(叮) many more times than usual bees. Killer bees can sting sixty times a minute nonstop for two hours. Second, killer bees attack in groups. Four hundred bee stings can kill a person.
Already several hundred people are dead. Now killer bees are in Texas. In a few years they will reach all over the United States. People can do nothing but wait.
這篇短文表面看起來沒有主題句，那末怎樣來確定它的中心意思呢？按照上面的說明，我們先找出每一段的大意：第一段講的是killer bees的產生。第二段講的是 killer bees 的急劇增加。第三段講的是人們害怕 killer bees 的原因。第四段講的是 killer bees 已經殺死的人數和將來的狀況。從這幾段的大意可以看出這篇文章自始至終都是圍繞 killer bees 這一中心展開的?；瘓浠八?，killer bees 就是這篇文章的主題。
Robert is fifteen now. Two and a half years ago he came to the city and began to study in a middle school. He studies hard and gets on well with his classmates. And he often helps his friends with their lessons. But as he comes from a village, the headmaster who was born in a rich family is bad to him and does his best to make excuses to punish him. The boy knows it and takes precautions against(提防) it.
One afternoon all the students went to have lunch and he bought a piece of bread. He was reading a book under a big tree, while a dog was standing near him. At that moment the headmaster came out and saw it. He became angry and said, “Don’t you know we don’t let anybody rear (飼養) dogs in the school?”
“Yes, I do, sir. ”said the boy.
“Why have you brought your dog to school, then?”
“It isn’t my dog. ”
“Why is it following you, then?”
“You’re following me now, sir. ” said the boy, “Can you say you are mine?”
Robert is fifteen. He is in Grade _______(1) now. He studies hard and his classmates are _______(2) to him. And he often helps his friends to _______(3) their lessons. But as he was _______(4) in a farmer family, the headmaster from a _______(5) family is bad to him and does_______(6) he can to punish him.
One day in the _______(7), all the students went _______(8) lunch and he bought a piece of bread, reading a book under a tree. At the moment a dog was standing near him. _______(9) the headmaster saw this, he wanted to_______(10) him. But he failed that day again.
第一步：快讀全文，掌握大意。通讀原文我們知道。文章講敘了Robert 和校長的一些情況，Robert 是一個初中學生，他出生于貧困之家，但學習努力與同學相處融洽。校長出生于富貴家庭對Robert很不友好，總是想盡辦法懲罰他, Robert時刻小心提防他。一天下午校長又想趁機懲罰他，但未能得逞。
第二步：細讀改寫，尋找異同。如原文中說Two and half years ago he came to the city and began to study in a middle school. 而改寫中卻是He is in Grade_______(1) now. 由原文中的Two and half years ago 可知第(1)空要填Three. 原文中說He studies hard and gets on well with his classmates, 而改寫中卻是He studies hard and his classmates are _______(2) to him. 由于“他與同學相處融洽”那么“他的同學一定是對他很友好了”。因此第二空填kind或friendly。第3空是一個典型的同義句改寫，即help sb. with sth. 與help sb. to do sth. 的轉換。
第三步：字斟句酌，各個擊破。比如第4, 5, 7空與原文幾乎沒多大差別可先填好(4) born, (5) rich, (7) afternoon。對于與原文有較大差異的空，則需要字斟句酌，細仔推敲了。我們要在對比改寫文中的句子與原文句子差別的前提下，推測改寫文中的句子所要表達的意思，然后根據我們所學的知識推出所要填寫的單詞。如：
原文中的and does his best to make excuses to punish him 正是改寫文中and does _______(6) he can to punish him 要表達的意思。這里does后面是一個賓語從句，而從句缺少引導詞，因此填入what正合適。這一空較難因為can后面省去了動詞原形do。這句話意為“并且做他所能做的事情來懲罰他”。
而原文中的…all the students went to have lunch 與改寫文中的all the students went _______(8) lunch. went to have lunch 與went for lunch 同義。故第8空填for。
改寫中的_______(9) the headmaster saw this, he wanted to _______(10) him. But he failed that day again. 是對原文第二段后面部分的概括，通過比較我們知道改寫中要表達的意思是“當校長看見那種情況時，他想懲罰他，但那一天他又失敗了”。因此第9空填，when第10空填punish?！?br />
I’ve loved my mother’s desk since I was just tall enough to see above the top of it as mother sat doing letters. Standing by her chair, looking at the ink bottle, pens, and white paper, I decided that the act of writing must be the more wonderful thing in the world.
Years later, during her final illness, mother kept different things for my sister and brother. “But the desk,” she’d said again, “it’s for Elizabeth. ”
I never saw her angry, never saw her cry. I knew she loved me; she showed it in action. But as a young girl, I wanted heart-to-heart talks between mother and daughter.
They never happened. And a gulf opened between us. I was “too emotional(易動感情的)”. But she lived “on the surface(表面)”.
As years passed I had my own family. I loved my mother and thanked her for our happy family. I wrote to her in careful words and asked her to let me know in any way she chose that she did forgive(原諒) me.
I posted the letter and waited for her answer. None came.
My hope turned to disappointment(失望), then little interest and, finally, peace— it seemed that nothing happened. I couldn’t be sure that the letter had even got to mother. I only knew that I had written it, and I could stop trying to make her into someone she was not.
Now the present of her desk told, as she’d never been able to, that she was pleased that writing was my chosen work. I cleaned the desk carefully and found some papers inside —a photo of my father and a one-page letter, folded(折疊) and refolded many times.
Give me an answer, my letter asks, in any way you choose. Mother, you always chose the act that speaks louder than words.
1. The writer began to love her mother’s desk ______.
A. after Mother died
B. before she became a writer
C. when she was a child
D. when Mother gave it to her
2. The passage shows that ______.
A. mother was cold on the surface but kind in her heart to her daughter
B. mother was too serious about everything her daughter had done
C. mother cared much about her daughter in words
D. mother wrote to her daughter in careful words
3. The word “gulf” in the passage means ______.
A. deep understanding between the old and the young
B. different ideas between the mother and the daughter
C. free talks between mother and daughter
D. part of the sea going far in land
4. What did mother do with her daughter’s letter asking forgiveness?
A. She had never received the letter.
B. For years, she often talked about the letter.
C. She didn’t forgive her daughter at all in all her life.
D. She read the letter again and again till she died.
5. What’s the best title of the passage?
A. My letter to Mother
B. Mother and Children
C. My mother’s Desk
D. Talks between Mother and Me
One day the famous American scientist Albert Einstein met an old friend of his on a street in New York.
“Mr Einstein,” said the friend, “ it seems that you need to put on a new overcoat. Look, how worn-out it is!”
“It doesn’t matter,” answered Albert Einstein. “No one knows me here in New York.”
Several years later they met in New York again. Einstein had been a world-famous physicist after then but he still wore the same old overcoat.
Once more his friend persuaded him to buy a new one.
“There is no need now,” said Einstein, “Everybody here has known me.”
1. Where did Albert Einstein met an old friend of his?
2. What did the friend want him to buy?
3. How about Einstein’s overcoat?
4. Did Einstein still wear the same old overcoat when he became a world-famous physicist?
5. What did Einstein say when the friend persuade once more him to buy a new overcoat?
Once Goethe, the great German poet, was walking in a park. He was thinking about something when he noticed he came to a very, very narrow road. Just at that time, a young man came towards him from the other end of the road. It was too narrow for both of them to pass through at the same time. They stopped and looked at each other for a while. Then the young man said rudely, “I never make way for a fool.” But Goethe smiled and said, “I always do.” Then he turned back quickly and walked towards the end of the road.
1. Where was Goethe walking?
2. Who came towards Goethe from the other end of the road?
3. Was the road too narrow for both of them to pass through at the same time?
4. Did the young man make way for Goethe?
5. Who turned back quickly and walked towards the end of the road?
Not many years ago, some farmers were worried because hawks were taking many of their chicken. The farmers didn’t know what to do. Finally they went to the country officials and asked for help.
“Kill the hawks,” the officials said, “We will even pay for them,” so the farmers began to think of ways to kill the hawks.
The farmers killed many hawks. They no longer had to worry about their chickens. But they now had a new worry. Field mice were eating up a lot of the farmers’ grain.
How did this happen?
Hawks eat not only chickens but also field mice. They eat more field mice than chickens. But the farmers didn’t know this. When they killed a lot of hawks, they changed the balance.
When people move into a new place, they often destroy many wild plants. Often these plants are food for the animals. If the animals can’t find enough plants to eat, they will starve or have to leave the place.
In one part of the USA, for example the deer there like to eat a certain kind of wild roses. The mountain lions there eat the deer. The number of deer, mountain lions and wild roses doesn’t change much if people leave things as they are.
But people killed many mountain lions in order to protect the deer. Soon there were so many deer that they ate up all the wild roses. Then the deer began to eat the green leaves of young trees. These trees were important to the farmers. So the farmers thought of ways to protect their trees. Now the deer had nothing to eat, and many of them died. This was another lesson from nature.
To keep the balance of nature is important for us to remember.
1. Finally the officials told the farmers to kill the hawks.
2. Field mice eat not only chickens but also the farmers’ grain.
3. When the animals can’t find enough plants to eat in a place, they will starve or have to leave.
4. The number of animals changes much if people leave things as they are.
5. It is important for us to keep the balance of nature.
Little Tommy was doing very badly in math. His parents had tried everything—tutors (家庭教師), cards, special learning centers—in short, everything they could think of. Finally they took Tommy to a catholic (天主教的) school.
After the first day, little Tommy came home with a very serious look on his face. He didn’t kiss his mother hello. Instead, he went straight to his room and started studying. Books and papers were spread (鋪開) out all over the room and little Tommy was hard at work. His mother was surprised. She called him down to dinner and as soon as he finished eating, he went back to his room, without a word. In no time he was back hitting the books as hard as before. This went on for some time, day after day while the mother tried to understand what was happening.
Finally, little Tommy brought home his report card. He quietly put it on the table and went up to his room and hit the books. His mom looked at it and to her surprise, little Tommy got an A in math. She could no longer hold her curiosity (好奇心). She went to his room and asked, “Son, what was it? Was it the nuns (修女)?”
Little Tommy looked at her and shook his head, “No. ”
“Well then,” she asked again. “WHAT was it?”
Little Tommy looked at her and said, “Well, on the first day of school, when I saw that man nailed (釘) to the plus sign (加號), I knew they weren’t joking. ”
1. Why did Tommy’s parents send him to a catholic school?
A. Because he could eat well there.
B. Because he could earn more about nuns.
C. Because his parents wanted him to do better in his math.
D. Because his parents didn’t want him to learn math any more.
2. Tommy’s mother felt surprised that his son _______.
A. was still the same as usual
B. ate so much at dinner
C. kissed her hello after school
D. worked hard but said little
3. “Hitting the books” means “_______” in Chinese.
4. The last sentence in the passage shows that _______.
A. Tommy felt sorry for the mail
B. Tommy was afraid of being nailed
C. Tommy didn’t like the plus sign
D. Tommy liked playing jokes on others
5. From the passage, we can infer (推斷) that _______.
A. teachers should be strict with their students
B. mistaking (誤解) might do good sometimes
C. a catholic school is much better than other ones
D. nuns are good at helping children with their math