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中考英語閱讀理解練習寶典(2)

時間:2012-12-28 20:09 來源: 編輯:井琳英 點擊: 次


F
When my family moved to America from a small village in Guangdong, China, we brought not only our luggage, but also our village rules, customs and culture. One of the rules is that young people should always respect(尊敬) elders. Unluckily, this rule led to my very first embarrassment in the United States.
I had a part-time job as a waiter in a Chinese restaurant. One time, when I was serving food to a middle-aged couple, the wife asked me how the food could be served so quickly. I told her that I had made sure they got their food quickly because I always respect the elderly. As soon as I said that, her face showed great displeasure. My manager, who happened to hear what I said, took me aside and gave me a long lecture about how sensitive(敏感) Americans are and how they dislike the description “old”. I then walked back to the table and apologized to the wife. After the couple heard my reason, they understood that the problem was caused by cultural differences, so they laughed and were no longer angry.
In my village in China, people are proud of being old. Not so many people live to be seventy or eighty, and people who reach such an age have the most knowledge and experience. Young people always respect older people because they know they can learn from their rich experience.
However, in the United States, people think “growing old” is a problem since “old” shows that a person is going to retire or that the body is not working well. Here many people try to keep themselves away from growing old by doing exercises or jogging, and women put on makeup, hoping to look young. When I told the couple in the restaurant that I respect the elderly, they got angry because this caused them to feel they had failed to stay young. I had told them something they didn’t want to hear.
After that, I changed the way I had been with older people. It is not that I don’t respect them any more; I still respect them, but now I don’t show my feelings through words.
By Jack
根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. Jack brought the couple their food very fast because _______.
A. the manager asked him to do so 
B. he respected the elderly
C. the couple wanted him to do so 
D. he wanted more pay
2. When Jack called the couple “elderly”, they became _______.
A. nervous 
B. satisfied
C. unhappy
D. excited
3. In Jack’s hometown, _______.
A. people dislike being called “old”
B. people are proud of being old
C. many people reach the age of seventy or eighty
D. the elderly are the first to get food in restaurants
4. After this experience, Jack _______.
A. lost his job in the restaurant
B. made friends with the couple
C. no longer respected the elderly
D. changed his way with older people
5. Which of the following is TRUE?
A. The more Jack explained, the angrier the couple got.
B. Jack wanted to show his feelings through words after his experience.
C. The manager went back to the table and apologized to the couple.
D. From this experience, Jack learned more about American culture.


G
Jean is a bright young woman who comes from a rich and famous family. She goes to a good university and has everything that money can buy. Well, almost everything. The problem is that the people in Jean’s family are so busy that they can hardly find time to be with her. In fact, Jean is quite lonely.
So Jean spends a lot of time on her QQ. She likes being anonymous(匿名), talking to people who do not know about her famous family and her rich life. She uses the name Linda on QQ and has made a lot of friends who she keeps in touch with quite often.
Last year Jean made a very special friend on QQ. His name was David and lived in San Francisco. David was full of stories and jokes. He and Jean had a common(共同的) interest in rock music and modern dance. So it always took them hours to talk happily on QQ and sometimes they even forgot their time. Of course, they wanted to know more about each other. David sent a picture of himself: He was a tall, good-looking young man with a big, happy smile. As time went by, they became good friends and often sent cards and small things to each other.
When Jean’s father told her that he was going on a business trip to San Francisco, she asked him to let her go with him so that she could give David a surprise for his birthday. She would take him the latest DVD of their favorite rock singer. But when she knocked on David’s door in San Francisco, she found that her special friend was a twelve-year-old boy named Jim!
根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. Jean spends a lot of her time on QQ because she is _______.
A. rich                                          B. famous    
C. young                                       D. lonely
2. Jean thought “David” was special because he _______.
A. made her quite happy on QQ      B. was from San Francisco
C. sent her a picture of himself       D. was tall and good-looking
3. When Jean and “David” met and introduced themselves to each other, who felt surprised?
A. “David”.        B. Both “David” and Jean.
C. Jean.         D. Neither “David” nor Jean.
4. What’s the main idea of the passage?
A. Don’t believe those you get to know on QQ so easily.
B. People don’t use their real names on QQ so often.
C. Don’t go to meet those you get to know on QQ.
D. People should tell their real names to others on QQ.

H
Linda Evans was my best friend—like the sister I never had. We did everything together: piano lessons, movies, swimming, horseback riding.
When I was 13, my family moved away. Linda and I kept in touch through letters, and we saw each other on special time—like my wedding (婚禮) and Linda’s. Soon we were busy with children and moving to new homes, and we wrote less often. One day a card that I sent came back, stamped “Address (地址) Unknown. ” I had no idea how to find Linda.
Over the years, I missed Linda very much. I wanted to share (分享) happiness of my children and then grandchildren. And I needed to share my sadness when my brother and then mother died. There was an empty place in my heart that only a friend like Linda could fill.
One day I was reading a newspaper when I noticed a photo of a young woman who looked very much like Linda and whose last name was Wagman — Linda’s married name. “There must be thousands of Wagmans,” I thought, but J still wrote to her.
She called as soon as she got my letter. “Mrs Tobin!” she said excitedly, “Linda Evans Wagman is my mother. ”
Minutes later I heard a voice that I knew very much, even after 40 years, laughed and cried and caught up on each other’s lives. Now the empty place in my heart is filled. And there’s one thing that Linda and I know for sure: We won’t lose each other again!
根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. The writer went to piano lessons with Linda Evans _______.
A. at the age of 13     
    B. before she got married
C. after they moved to new homes  
    D. before the writer’s family moved away
2. They didn’t often write to each other because they _______.
A. got married
    B. had little time to do so
C. didn’t like writing letters
    D. could see each other on special time
3. There was an empty place in the writer’s heart be¬cause she _______.
A. was in trouble
B. didn’t know Linda’s address
C. received the card that she sent
D. didn’t have a friend like Linda to share her happi¬ness or sadness
4. The writer was happy when she _______.
A. read the newspaper
B. heard Linda’s voice on the phone
C. met a young woman who looked a lot like Linda
D. wrote to the woman whose last name was Wagman
5. They haven’t kept in touch _______.
A. for about 40 years
    B. for about 27 years
C. since they got married
    D. since the writer’s family moved away
I
A man went to see his doctor one day, because he was suffering from pains in his stomach. After the doctor had examined him carefully, he said to him, “Well, there’s nothing really wrong with you, I’m glad to say. Your only trouble is that you worry too much. Do you know, I had a man with the same trouble as you here a few weeks ago, and I gave him the same advice as I am going to give you. He was worried because he couldn’t pay his tailor’s bills. I told him not to worry about the bills any more. He took my advice and when he came to see me again two days ago, he told me that he now felt quite all right again. ” “Yes, I know all about that,” answered the patient sadly. “You see, I’m that man’s tailor!”
根據以上短文內容判斷正誤,正確的用“T”表示,錯誤的用“F”表示。
1. The tailor went to see his doctor because he has got a headache.
2. There is nothing serious with the tailor.
3. A man with the same trouble as the tailor a few days ago.
4. The doctor gave the man and the tailor the same advice.
5. The tailor was worried because a man couldn’t pay his bills.


J

I worked for a short time as a cashier(出納員) at a restaurant a few months ago. I also helped to clean up the tables when it was very busy. One night, just before Christmas, I found a large black wallet on the floor near one of the tables. I guessed I should check it to find out who was the owner, but I was very busy at the time. And I imagined that if there was something valuable(有價值的) in the wallet, the owner would be back. Sure enough, an hour later a man came up to the counter and asked if anyone had found a wallet. I asked him to describe the lost wallet, and after he described it exactly, I gave him the wallet. He expressed his thanks when I handed it to him. He asked me if I had opened it, and when I told him “no”. At once he opened it and showed that it had nearly $ 800 in cash(現金). He took out a twenty-dollar bill and handed it to me and I was amazed at this. “A reward(酬勞) for your honesty,” he said and then turned and walked away.
Thinking about it later, I began wondering whether I would have been honest if I had known what was in the wallet! I thought that if I had no way to find the owner and no one returned to get it, I might keep it. But it also came into my mind that I actually saved someone’s Christmas plans by finding and returning the wallet. The good feeling it gave me was worth more than anything could buy.
根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. Which of the following is true?
A. The owner of the wallet found a twenty-dollar bill gone.
B. The writer wasn’t surprised when the man gave her a reward.
C. Nothing in the wallet was missing.
D. The man was very, very excited when he got his wallet back.
2. The writer returned the wallet to the owner because _______.
A. she thought Christmas was coming 
B. the owner came back too soon
C. she didn’t know there was so much money in it
D. as an honest person, she didn’t care much about money
3. Which of the following is NOT true?
A. The writer accepted a reward of $ 20.
B. The writer regretted(后悔) that she had returned the wallet.
C. The writer didn’t return the wallet until the owner came back.
D. The writer fell very happy after she returned the wallet.
K

A friend of mine named Paul received an expensive car from his brother as a Christmas present. On Christmas Eve when Paul came out of his office, a street urchin(頑童) was walking around the shining car. “Is this your car, sir?” he asked.
Paul answered, “Yes, my brother gave it to me for Christmas.” The boy was surprised. “You mean your brother gave it to you and it did cost you nothing? Sir, I wish…” He hesitated(猶豫). Paul thought of course he knew what the boy wanted, but what the boy said surprised him greatly. “I wish,” the boy went on, “that I could be a brother like that.” Paul looked at the boy in surprise, and then he said again, “Would you like to take a ride in my car?” “Oh yes, I’d love to,” the boy answered.
After a short ride, the boy turned and with his eyes shining, said, “Sir, would you mind driving in front of my house?”
Paul smiled a little. He thought he knew what the boy wanted. He wanted to show his neighbors that he could ride home in a big car. But Paul was wrong again. “Will you stop where those two steps are?” the boy asked.
He ran up to the steps. Then in a short while Paul heard him coming back, but he was not coming fast. He was carrying his little crippled(殘疾的) brother. He sat down on the step and pointed to the car.
“There he is, Buddy, just like I told you upstairs. His brother gave it to him for Christmas and it didn’t cost him a cent. And some day I’m going to give you one just like it…then you can see for yourself all the nice things in the Christmas windows that I’ve been trying to tell you about.”
Paul got out and lifted the boy to the front seat of his car. The shining-eyed elder brother climbed in beside him and the three began an unforgettable holiday ride.
根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. The street urchin was very surprised when _______.
A. he met Paul
B. Paul told him about the car
C. Paul received an expensive car
D. he was walking around the car
2. From the story we can see the urchin _______.
A. wished to give his brother a car
B. wanted Paul’s brother to give him a car
C. wished he could have a brother like Paul’s
D. wished Paul could be a brother like that
3. The urchin asked Paul to stop his car in front of his house ______.
A. to show he had a rich friend
    B. to show his neighbors the big car
C. to let his brother ride in the car
    D. to tell his brother about his wish
4. We can find from the story that _______.
A. the urchin wished Paul to give his car to Buddy
B. the urchin wished to have a rich brother
C. the urchin had a deep love for his brother
D. the urchin’s wish came true in the end
5. The best name of the story is _______.
A. A Christmas Present    B. Paul, a Kind-hearted Person
C. A Brother Like That     D. An Unforgettable Holiday Ride
L
Last Friday a storm swept through two villages in the New Territories, destroying (摧毀) fourteen homes. Seven others were so badly damaged (破壞) that their owners had to leave them, and fifteen others had broken windows or broken roofs. One person was killed, several were badly hurt and taken to hospital, and a number of other people received smaller hurt. Altogether over two hundred people were homeless after the storm.
A farmer, Mr. Tan, said that the storm began early in the morning and lasted for over an hour.
“I was eating with my wife and children,” he said, “When we heard a loud noise. A few minutes later our house fell down on top of us. We tried our best to climb out but then I saw that one of my children was missing. I went back inside and found him, safe but very frightened.”
Mrs. Woo Mei Fong said that her husband had just left for work when she felt that her house was moving. She ran outside at once with her children.
“There was no time to take anything,” she said, “A few minutes later, the roof came down.”
Soldiers helped to take people out of the flooded (水淹的) area and the welfare department (福利機構) brought them food, clothes and shelter.
1. How many homes altogether (總共) were damaged in the storm?
A. Fourteen B. Twenty-one
C. Twenty-nine D. Thirty-six
2. Where was Mr. Tan when the storm first began?
A. He was in bed.                                  B. He was inside the house.
C. He was outside the house.                  D. He was on the roof.
3. Mrs. Woo and her family didn’t get hurt because _________.
A. her husband knew there would be a storm
B. they were all outside the house when the storm became worse
C. she felt the house was moving
D. the welfare department helped her
4. The underlined word “shelter” in this passage means ______.
A. something to eat B. something to wear
C. somewhere to study D. somewhere to stay
5. Which of he following may be the best title for this passage?
A. A Terrible Storm B. A Lucky Woman
C. Good Soldiers  D. Clever People
M
We know the mosquito very well. Mosquitoes fly everywhere. They can be found almost all over the world, and there are more than 2,500 kinds of them.
No one likes the mosquito. But the mosquito may decide that she loves you. She? Yes, she. It’s true that male mosquito doesn’t bite(咬) and only the female mosquito bites because she needs blood to lay eggs. She is always looking for things or people she wants to bite. If she likes what she finds, she bites. But if she doesn’t like your blood, she will turn to someone else for more delicious blood. Next time a mosquito bites you, just remember you are chosen. You’re different from the others!
If the mosquito likes you, she lands on your body without letting you know. She bites you so quickly and quietly that you may not feel anything different. After she bites, you will have an itch(癢) on your body because she puts something from her mouth together with your blood. By the time the itching begins, and she has flown away.
And then what happens? Well, after her delicious dinner, the mosquito feels tired. She just wants to find a place to have a good rest. There, on a leaf or a wall, she begins to lay eggs, hundreds of eggs.
1. “Mosquito” means _______ in Chinese.
A. 蒼蠅 B. 蜻蜓
C. 跳蚤 D. 蚊子
2. We know mosquitoes very well because ___________.
A. they can be found easily B. they fly here and there
C. there are many kinds of them D. they can fly
3. If the mosquito doesn’t bite you, it will ________.
A. get angry with you B. be afraid of you
C. make a lot of noise D. choose another one
4. The mosquito bites you _________.
A. when you’re asleep B. because you have choose it
C. too quickly to let you know D. but doesn’t like you
5. Which of the following sentences is wrong?
A. The itching begins after the mosquito bites you.
B. You feel terrible when the mosquito bites you.
C. Mosquitoes use blood to lay eggs.
D. All the mosquitoes don’t like to bite people for blood.
     N
Shlander is a man from space. He thinks the people and things on the earth are very strange. He is now writing a letter to his friend at home. Here is part of his letter. Read it and answer the questions.
Now I am in a strange world. It is very nice. There are many new things here. There are many earth monsters here, too. The earth monsters look very funny. They have just one head, two arms and two legs. They have thin black strings on their heads. Some earth monsters have brown or yellow strings. The earth monsters have a hole in their face. Every day, they put nice things and balls from the trees into the hole. They put water into the hole, too. The earth monsters do not walk very fast. They move from place to pace in tin boxes.
At night, the earth monsters like to look at a square window box. This box has very small earth monsters in it.
根據短文內容選擇正確答案。
1. Shlander thinks the people and things on the earth are very ________.
A. strange                                         B. nice 
C. different                                       D. beautiful
2. Shlander thinks man on the earth is ________.
A. a monkey                                     B. a earth monster 
C. a tin box                                       D. a strange world
3. The earth monster doesn’t have ________.
A. heads, arms and legs                     B. brown or yellow strings on its head 
C. a hole on its face                           D. a swing on its body
4. The earth monsters don’t put ________ on their holes.
A. nice things                                    B. balls  
C. fire                                              D. water
5. The square window box is ________.
A. a car or a bus                                 B. a very small earth monster
C. a TV set                                         D. a radio

O
Alfred Nobel, the great Swedish inventor and industrialist, was born in Stockholm on October 21, 1833, but moved to Russia with his parents in 1842, where his father, Immanuel, made a strong position for himself in the engineering industry. Immanuel Nobel invented landmine and made a lot of money from the government during the Crimean War, but went bankrupt soon after. Then, the family returned to Sweden in 1859, where Alfred began his own study of explosives in his father’s lab. He had never been to school or university but had taught himself, and by the time he was twenty, he became a skillful chemist and excellent linguist, speaking Swedish, Russian, German, French and English. He built up over 80 companies in 20 different countries. He was always searching for a meaning to life. He spent much time and money working on how to end the wars, and the peace between nations, until his death in Italy in 1896. His famous last will, in which he left money to provide prizes for outstanding work in physics, chemistry, physiology, medicine, literature and peace, is a memorial to his interests and ideas. And so, the man is remembered and respected long after his death.
根據短文內容,選擇能回答所提問題的正確答案。
1. Where was Alfred Nobel born? He was born in ________.
A. Sweden                                   B. Stockholm
C. Russia                                     D. Moscow
2. What did Immanuel Nobel invented during the Crimean War?
A. The engineering industry.           B. A strong position.
C. Landmine.                                D. Study of explosives.
3. Why did Alfred Nobel return to Sweden ? Because his father ________.
A. went bankrupt                           B. was put in prison  
C. was ill                                       D. died
4. How many companies did Alfred Nobel build up? He built up ________ companies in different countries.
A. 20                                              B. 40
C. 60                                              D. 80
5. What was Alfred Nobel always searing for? ________.
A. More time and more money       B. A meaning to life  
C. How to end the war             D. The peace between nations


P

An eight-year-old child heard her parents talking about her little brother. All she knew was that he was very sick and they had no money. Only a very expensive operation could save him now and there was no one to lend them the money.
When she heard her daddy say to her tearful mother, “Only a miracle can save him now,” the little girl went to her bedroom and pulled her money from its hiding place and counted it carefully.
She hurried to a drugstore (藥店) with the money in her hand.
“And what do you want?” asked the salesman. “It’s for my little brother,” the girl answered. “He’s really, really sick and I want to buy a miracle.” “Pardon?” said the salesman.
“My brother Andrew has something bad growing in¬side his head and my daddy says only a miracle can save him. So how much does a miracle cost?” “We don’t sell a miracle here, child. I’m sorry,” the salesman said with a smile.
“Listen, if it isn’t enough, I can try and get some more. Just tell me how much it costs.”
A well-dressed man heard it and asked, “What kind of a miracle does your brother need?”
“I don’t know,” she answered with her eyes full of tears. “He’s really sick and mum says he needs an opera¬tion. But my daddy can’t pay for it, so I have brought all my money.”
“How much do you have?” asked the man. “$ 1.11, but I can try and get some more,” she answered.
“Well, what luck,” smiled the man. “$ 1.11, the price of a miracle for little brothers.”
He took up the girl’s hand and said, “Take me to where you live. I want to see your brother and meet your parents. Let’s see if I have the kind of miracle you need.”
That well-dressed man was Dr Carlton Armstrong, a famous doctor. The operation was successful and it wasn’t long before Andrew was home again.
How much did the miracle cost? (from www.zkenglish.com)
根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. What was the trouble in the little girl’s family?
A. Her brother was seriously ill.
B. They had no money.
C. Nothing could save her brother.
D. Both A and B.
2. In the eye of the little girl, a miracle might be _______.
A. something interesting
B. something beautiful
C. some wonderful medicine
D. some good food
3. The little girl said again and again “...I can try and get some more.” That shows _______.
A. she had still kept some money    
B. she hoped not to be refused
C. There was no need to worry about money
D. she thought money was easy to get
4. What made the miracle happen?
A. The girl’s love for her brother.
B. The girl’s money.
C. The medicine from the drugstore.
D. Nobody can tell.
5. From the passage we can infer (推斷) that _______.
A. The doctor didn’t ask for any pay
B. A miracle is sure to happen if you keep on
C. The little girl is lovely but not so clever
D. Andrew was in fact not so sick as they had thought

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