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中考英語閱讀理解練習寶典(8)

時間:2012-12-28 20:09 來源: 編輯:井琳英 點擊: 次


L 模擬考題

閱讀下列短文,然后根據短文的內容,從A、B、C、D四個選項中選出一個最佳選項。

(1)
We are already familiar with computers—computers work for us at home, in offices and in factories. But it is also true that many children today are using computers at schools before they can write. What does this mean for the future? Are these children lucky or not?
Many people who do not know about computers think of them as machines that children play with. They worry that children do not learn from experience but just from pressing a button and that this is not good for them. They think that children are growing not knowing about the real world.
But people who understand more about computers say that computers can be very good for children. A computer can help them to learn about the real world more quickly, to learn what they want to learn and think for themselves. And for the future, don’t we need people who can think clearly, who know how to get information quickly and use it well? What do you think?
1. “To be familiar with” means to ______.
A. know nothing B. know about C. dislike D. like
2. Does everyone think computers are good for children?
A. Yes, they do.  B. No, not everyone thinks so.
C. They don’t know.  D. They are not sure.
3. What can computers help children to do?
A. To think clearly, to do homework and to write. B. To play games, to do math and to copy.
C. To think clearly, to get information and to use it well. D. To count, to clean the house and to get information.
4. Does the writer think computer is a good thing?
A. It isn’t mentioned. B. No, he doesn’t think so. C. He doesn’t know. D. Yes, he does.

(2)
Light travels at a speed which is about a million times faster than the speed of sound. You can get some idea of this difference by watching the start of a race. If you stand some distance away from the starter, you can see smoke from his gun before the sound reaches your ears.
This great speed of light produces some strange facts. Sunlight takes about 8 minutes to reach us. If you look at the light of the moon tonight, remember that the light rays left the moon 1.3 seconds before they reached you. The nearest star is so far away that the light that you can see from it tonight started to travel towards you four years ago at a speed of nearly 2 million km. per minute. In some cases, the light from one of tonight’s stars had started on its journey to you before you were born.
Thus, if we want to be honest, we can’t say, “The stars are shining tonight.” We have to say instead, “The stars look pretty. They were shining four years ago, but their light has only just reached the earth.”
1. Light speed is ______ sound speed
A. as fast as  B. a million times slower than
C. about millions of times faster than D. about a million times faster than
2. If you stand 200 metres away from a man who is firing a gun to start a race, you will find out that ______.
A. you can hear the sound before you see the smoke B. the sound does not travel as fast as light
C. the sound will reach you before the man fires D. sound travels about a million times faster than light
3. Sunlight obviously (明顯地) ______ than the light of the moon
A. has to travel a greater distance B. moves less quickly
C. travels much more quickly  D. is less powerful(有力的)
4. The scientific way of saying "The stars are shining tonight" should be ______.
A. the stars have been shining all the time B. the stars seen tonight will shine four years later
C. the stars were shining long ago but seen tonight D. the starlight seen today could be seen four years ago

(3)
Mary’s plan for next week
Monday 7:30 go to the cinema with Alice
Tuesday 11:00 doctor
Wednesday 9:00 table tennis game evening-study for exam
Thursday 8:30 concert
Friday Afternoon—help Uncle Sam in his restaurant
Saturday 9:00—10:30 art class    14:00 visit grandmother
Sunday 8:00 supper with Betty and Ann

Peter’s plan for next week
Monday study group meeting 3:00 p.m.
Tuesday basketball match 4:30 p.m.
Wednesday go to see some friends 2:00 p.m.
Thursday noon, lunch with Larry
Friday 2:00—4:00 p.m. volunteer(志愿者) work @ Student Centre
Saturday Shopping 10:00 a.m.
Sunday Basketball team party 9:00 p.m.
1. Peter’s study group meeting will be on ______.
A. Saturday morning B. Monday afternoon C. Saturday evening D. Friday afternoon
2. From Peter’s plan we learn that Peter likes ______.
A. table tennis B. music C. art D. basketball
3. On Sunday morning Mary will ______.
A. be free B. be busy C. see the doctor D. go shopping
4. What will Mary do on Wednesday evening?
A. See her friends B. Play basketball C. Go to her art class D. Prepare for an exam
M 精編精講

閱讀下列短文,然后根據短文的內容,從A、B、C、D四個選項中選出一個最佳選項。

(1)
We were going to play against a team from a country school.
They didn’t come until the last minute. They looked worse than we had thought. They were wearing dirty blue trousers and looked like farm boys.
We sat down for a rest. We felt that we didn’t need any practice against a team like that.
The game began. One of us got the ball and he shot a long pass to our forward(前鋒). From  out of nowhere a boy in an old T-shirt stopped the ball and with beautiful style(姿勢) he shot and got two points. Then another two points in a minute. Soon the game was all over. We were beaten by the country team.
After that, we thought a lot. We certainly learned that even though your team is very good, you can’t look down upon the others and still need to do your best. And the most important lesson we learned was: One can’t judge (判斷) a person or a team only by their clothes.
1. The team from the country were in old clothes so the writer’s team ______.
A. looked down upon them  B. couldn’t win
C. didn’t like the city boy  D. were afraid of them
2. The country team arrived so late that ______.
A. nobody saw them  B. the writer’s team were angry
C. they had no time to warm up D. they looked worse
3. The team from the country won because ______.
A. they were in old clothes    B. they didn’t practice before the game
C. they practiced before the game   D. the team was better than the writer’s
4. From the text, we can guess the writer’s team is ______.
A. a basketball from a country school B. a football team from a school in the city
C. a basketball team from a school in the city D. a football team from the country
5. The writer’s team learned a lot from the game. They got to know how to ______.
A. do better from then on  B. fight against the country boys
C. play against a weak team                 D. judge a man or a team by clothes

(2)
In America, just as in Europe, men usually open doors for women, and women always walk ahead of men into a room or a restaurant, unless(除非) the men have to be ahead of the ladies to choose the table, to open the door of a car or do some other things like the above. On the street, men almost always walk or cross the street on the closer side of the ladies to the traffic. But if a man walks with two ladies, he should walk between them. Then if the host (男主人) or hostess(女主人) or both of them come in a car to get their guest for dinner, the guest should sit at the front seat and leave the back seat though there is no people sitting on it.
1. In America men usually ______.
A. walk ahead of women B. eat in a restaurant C. walk behind women D. drive a car to work
2. In the street men ______.
A. cross the street  B. walk on the right side of the ladies
C. walk on the closer side of the ladies to the traffic D. walk near the ladies
3. If a man walks with two ladies, he should ______.
A. walk between them B. run before them C. follow them D. go away
4. If Mrs Green wants you to her house in a car, you should ______.
A. sit beside a guest B. sit at the front seat C. sit at the back seat D. drive the car
3)
“Cool” is a word with many meanings. Its old meaning is used to express a temperature that is a little bit cold. As the world has changed, the word has had many different meanings. “Cool” can be used to express feelings of interest in almost anything.
When you see a famous car in the street, maybe you will say, “It’s cool.” You may think, “He’s so cool,” when you see your favourite footballer. We all maximize (擴大) the meaning of “cool”. You can use it instead of many words such as “new” or “surprising”. Here’s an interesting story we can use to show the way the word is used. A teacher asked her students to write about the waterfall (瀑布) they had visited. On one student’s paper was just the one sentence, “It’s so cool.” Maybe he thought it was the best way to show what he saw and felt.
But the story also shows a scarcity(缺乏) of words. Without “cool”, some people have no words to show the same meaning. So it is quite important to keep some credibility(可信性). Can you think of many other words that make your life as colourful as the word “cool”? I can. And I think they are also very cool.
1. We know that the word “cool” has had ______.
A. only one meaning B. no meanings C. many different meanings D. the same meaning
2. In the passage, the word “express” means “______.”
A. see B. show C. know D. feel
3. If you are ______ something, you may say, “It’s cool.”
A. interested in B. angry about C. afraid of D. unhappy with
4. The writer takes an example to show he is ______ the way the word is used.
A. pleased with B. strange to C. worried about D. careful with
5. In the passage, the writer suggests(暗示) that the word “cool” ______.
A. can be used instead of many words B. usually means something interesting
C. can make your life colourful D. may not be as cool as it seems


N 三篇

根據下面一篇短文的內容判斷下列句子的正誤,正確的用“A”表示,錯誤的用“B”表示。
(1)
In 1605, a scientist took a willow branch(柳枝) and planted it. He didn’t plant it in the ground, however. He planted it in a vase of soil(泥土). For the next five years, the scientist watered that willow carefully.
The willow grew and grew. Where did it get the food for its growth? To most people, this was an easy question. The willow plant, of course, took the food from the soil.
The scientist, however, wanted evidence(證據).If the willow took the food from the soil for its growth, then, as it grew and weighed more, the soil ought to weigh less. He weighed the willow branch before he planted it. It weighed five pounds. Then he weighed the soil. It weighed 200 pounds. After five years, he weighed the plant and the soil again. The willow tree weighed 169 pounds, but the soil weighed almost the same.
The result(結果) was surprising. Where did the 164 pounds come from?
After many investigations(調查), the scientist got the answer. He had given water to the willow, and the willow got its food from the water.
He was right, in a way. Today we know more about the question.
1. The scientist did the experiment in the sixteenth century.
2. Most people thought the plant got the food from the soil for its growth.
3. The soil in the vase weighed two hundred pounds.
4. The scientist found that the willow grew and weighed more and the soil weighed less.
5. The soil weighed 164 pounds after five years.
6. Now we know about the question as much as the scientist did.

(2)
Young people are often unhappy when they are with their parents. They say that their parents don’t understand them. They often think their parents are too strict with them, and they are never given a free hand.
Parents often find it difficult to win their children’s trust(信任) and they seem to forget how they themselves felt when they were young.
For example, young people like to do things without much thinking. It’s one of their ways to show that they grow up and they can do with any difficult things. Older people worry more easily. Most of them plan(計劃) things ahead and don’t like their plans to be changed.
When you want your parents to let you do something, you will have better success (成功) if you ask before you really start doing it.
Young people often make their parents angry by clothes they want, the music they enjoy and something else. But they don’t mean to cause (引起) any trouble. They just feel that in this way they can be cut off from the old people’s world and they want to make a new culture (文化) of their own. And if their parents don’t like their music or clothes or their manner of speech, the young people feel very unhappy.
Sometimes you even don’t want your parents to say, “Yes” to what you do. You want to stay at home alone and do what you like.
If you plan to control (控制) your life, you’d better win your parents trust and try to get them to understand you. If your parents see that you have high sense of responsibility (責任感), they will certainly give you the right to do what you want to do.
1. When young people are with their parents, they don’t feel pleased.
2. What young people think is different from what older people do.
3. What young people do is to make their parents unhappy.
4. When children grow up, they hope to let them do everything alone.
5. If you try to get your parents to understand you, you must do well in everything.
(3)
Now TV programs play an important part in our daily life. We can get a lot of knowledge and a lot of fun from it. Today is Saturday. The following are some TV programs on different channels today. Now read these TV programs and try to find some information for you and your family members.
    SXTV Channel 7
13: 12  Football Match XATV Channel 4
15: 30  TV Play
    SXTV Channel 6
18: 30 Cartoon Film CCTV Channel 1
12: 38 Law Today
  CCTV Channel 1
19: 00 News Report CCTV Channel 3
21: 00 The Latest Music
1. My grandfather is interested in laws. He can watch CCTV Channel 1 at noon.
2. My father is a football fan. He prefers football matches. He can watch CCTV Channel 1.
3. My mother likes watching TV plays. She wants to watch XATV Channel 4 in the afternoon.
4. My sister is only six years old. I want to find a program for her. I think she can watch CCTV Channel 6.
5. I’m a student. I like music, but I am not very busy tonight. So I can watch CCTV Channel 3 this evening.

O 答題技巧

先仔細閱讀短文后所提出的問題,帶著問題通讀全文,把握文章意思,然后再研讀跟問題相關的句子、句子的關鍵詞/短語等;在此基礎上再結合上下文進行分析判斷、邏輯推理、歸納提煉出問題答案的表述內容;記住要看清問題,不要答非所問,同時表述的句子內容要簡潔明了、語法正確、語句通順、書寫規范,不要照搬照抄原文的句子。
[實例分析]
If you are studying English, the Language Study Fair (游樂會)that is being held this month will certainly attract you. The fair is going on between the 28th and 30th of June at the National Education Centre. It is held to answer all your questions about self-study no matter how your English is.
The Language Study Fair gives a very good chance for you to see and to get all kinds of information to help you improve the way you study. Over 350 producers of educational materials (材料)will be at the fair. Come along to this, and you won’t waste your money in the future on materials that are out-of-date, or books that you just don’t need. We’ve got lots of different things for you to see and hear. There will be stands (展臺)showing different kinds of self-study textbooks and talks by educational speakers on the best ways to study by yourself. We’re sure you’ll also enjoy watching people using the latest computer programs to make studying English alone so much easier. This is for you to make good decisions about what to buy. You can come to the fair from nine thirty to five. Tickets cost £5 each, or £3 if you’re a full-time student. All tickets can be booked by ringing the ticket hotline. The number is 9847711.
So, we hope to see you there!
1.Who will go to the Language Study Fair?
___________________________________________________________________
2.What will attract those who go to the Language Study Fair ?
___________________________________________________________________
3.What will you buy if you want to make studying English much easier?
___________________________________________________________________
4.What is the opening time of the fair ?
___________________________________________________________________
5. How can you get a ticket for the fair ?
___________________________________________________________________

P 短文改寫


首先考生要通讀短文全文并弄清短文大意,抓關鍵句;其次瀏覽縮寫后的短文;在了解其大意的同時,確定所要填寫的內容,即所要填寫的詞語或短語是否與已知文段相一致(如有的是固定搭配;有的句子是文章中原句的同義句等),同時要注意填寫的詞語(短語)的正確性(如動詞的時態、人稱、名詞的單復數、大小寫、主謂一致等),千萬不要在沒有讀懂文章的情況下匆匆填寫單詞,這樣往往會出錯;填寫完后,再將改寫的文章通讀一遍,看看改寫的短文是否流暢,語句是否通順,語法是否正確,邏輯是否合理;同時還要注意到原文,看所改寫的短文是否與原文意思相符。
[實例分析] www.zkenglish.com
John,
I’ll be home late tonight. I have to stay for a business meeting after work. Will you please pick up my jacket from the dry cleaner ? The children are at Mother’s.Pick them up there. Could you give them their bath (洗澡 ) and make dinner for them ? Don’t wait for me for dinner. I don’t know what time the meeting will end. And please don’t forget to buy some bread, milk and a little butter at the supermarket. We don’t have any.  
Love,
Sue
This is a    1   from Sue to John. Sue is John’s   2  . One day Sue had to stay for a meeting and couldn’t go home for   3  . The children were at their    4   home. So Sue wrote to tell John to do some    5  . He would go and get the children    6   first, then he would    7   some bread, milk and     8    the children to take a bath. She didn’t tell John how long the meeting would    9   because she didn’t    10   when the meeting would be over.
數據統計中??!
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